Close reading is one of the most widely discussed phrases. The easy part for a reader is knowing to closely read text. The hard part is knowing what to pay attention to while reading. As students read, they should identify literary techniques that writers use and explain how these techniques contribute to a reading passage. Diction and syntax are just two things a reader should pay close attention to as they read.
Diction means the words an author uses to convey ideas to a reader. Similes, metaphors, imagery, personification, etc., all fall under this category. Syntax is the way that words are arranged in a sentence.
I created this chart to help my students understand why diction and syntax are so important. Click Here for Useful Diction and Syntax Tips