In order for students to deeply understand what they read, they must go beyond identifying instances of similes and metaphors. They must examine how the use of such features contributes to the text.
As I work closely with students, they are constantly reminded of this principle as they read. Annotating the text and close reading are both ways to get students to see how an author's craft contributes to a text.
Next, we examine the techniques that different authors use across reading passages. This enables students to go beyond the surface level of comprehension into deeper levels of critical thinking and Bloom's Taxonomy.
This page is from one of my grade levels of Daily Common Core Reading Practice. I carefully monitor students to get them to think of all of the details in a text as information that works together to convey an idea.