To fully understand about characters, students must be able to determine character traits, examine how characters change from the beginning to the end of a text, and know what caused a character to change. Closely reading a text is a great way to help students be able to do these things.
When they read, students should look for subtle clues in the text that would help a reader infer things. Sometimes this is easier said that done, but this is not the students' fault. The way that writers write shifts beginning at the third/fourth grade reading level range. Authors go from using details that tell to details that show. Students are often unaware of this shift in writing and do not adjust their reading strategies. Making students aware of this and giving them opportunities to closely read text greatly helps.
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